How To Get a Residence Permit in Turkey?

October 10, 2023
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Residence permit is a result of international law in order to establish public security and order and to minimize possible risks. To be a holder of a residence permit, it is necessary to meet the legal requirements. Residence permit is obtained by foreign nationals to stay in the Republic of Turkey for more than ninety days. It is not legally possible to exceed the legal period without a residence permit. The residence permit, which is also used as a residence permit in practice, is regulated by laws and these laws are:

Foreigners and International Protection Law
It is implemented in accordance with the Law No. 5683 on Residence and Travel of Foreigners in Turkey.

Although foreign nationals with residence permit exemption are considered an exception, it is obligatory for all foreign nationals to obtain a residence permit in order to stay in the Republic of Turkey for periods exceeding their visa period. Residence permits are divided into different types according to the needs of foreign nationals to stay in Turkey:

Short Term Residence Permit,
Long Term Residence Permit,
Family Residence Permit,
Student Residence Permit,
Humanitarian Residence Permit,
Victim of Human Trafficking Residence Permit.
Whichever of the stated permission types is suitable for the foreign national who is considering applying for a residence permit, the application is made by considering the permit and legal requirements.

How to Obtain a Residence Permit?

The application for a residence permit is made through the online system. By accessing the official website of the Immigration Administration, a residence permit is applied through e-residence. While applying for a residence permit, the form page is accessed by using the “I am applying for a residence permit for the first time” option in the e-residence tab. The form in question must be completed and approved with correct and complete information about the person.

For the residence permit application, an appointment is requested from the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management following the online process. Appointment requests are also received online, and the e-residence system can be used for the request. After filling out and completing the form stated in the first paragraph, a printout is taken and the form is signed. In addition to the signed form, the necessary documents for obtaining a residence permit are attached and submitted to the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management.

The printed and signed form for the residence permit application legally recognizes a residence permit until the date of the appointment received from the Provincial Immigration Administration. As a result of the duly made residence permit application, it is usually opened for ninety days at the latest, and if there is no problem, the residence permit document is sent by PTT cargo.

The residence permit application process includes a very complex set of legal conditions and legal procedures. In this respect, it is recommended to work under the supervision of a lawyer by giving a power of attorney to an expert lawyer in order not to make any mistakes or to experience loss of rights due to the mistake made. In practice, it is often seen that; Permit applications are rejected due to errors and not being subject to the procedure, or they are deported as a result of the expiry of the visa period. In this case, a lot of actions and procedures must be carried out in the name of re-application and removal of the deport. This whole process will cause a serious loss of time and cost.

Prices of Residence Permit in Turkey

There are certain fees that must be paid in order to obtain a residence permit. These fees are updated every year and the residence permit fees in Turkey for 2022 are:

160 TL for residence permit card fee,

1040 TL for residence permit fee,

Although it varies according to the age of the foreigner who has applied for the permit, the health insurance fee (it varies between 500 TL and 1750 TL. It is obligatory for people under the age of sixty-five),

Maximum 450 TL for notary and translation expenses,

89.23 TL per page for Apostille approval fees (This expenditure may not be necessary),

It is as stated.

Residence Permit Inquiry

To query the residence permit, e-residence address or the “residence permit personal information inquiry results” address from the General Directorate of Migration Management is used. E – To query a residence permit through residence:
application number,
Mobile phone or e-mail address,
Foreign identification number or passport number,
Residence permit can be questioned using their information.

Foreign Residence Permit

In order to have a residence permit, an application must be made using e-residence and an application must be made to the Directorate of Migration Management with the appointment made. Necessary documents are submitted to the Directorate of Migration Management. The documents to be submitted vary according to the residence permit obtained, and the documents required for a short-term residence permit are:

Residence permit application form,
Photocopy of passport or equivalent document together with the original,
Four biometric photos
Sufficient financial statement during the residence permit,
Health insurance,
It is in the form. In addition to these documents, which are common for the short-term residence permit, the signed documents from the relevant institutions and organizations according to the purpose of the person must be submitted together with the stated documents. The documents required for a student residence permit, which is one of the types of residence permits, are:

Residence permit application form,
Original and photocopy of passport or equivalent document,
Biometric photo | 4 units,
Financial adequacy statement to be required during the residence permit,
Health insurance,
Student certificate,
Additional documents may be requested depending on the situation. For a long-term residence permit, which is another residence permit:

Residence permit application form,

Original and photocopy of a passport or an equivalent document,

4 biometric photos,

Statement of financial means sufficient for the duration of the residence permit,

Health insurance,

The original of the stamped or signed document stating that social assistance has not been received in the last three years,

The document obtained from the population directorates stating that it is registered in the address registration system,

Additional documents may be requested depending on the situation. The documents that must be prepared by the person who will receive a residence permit in order to obtain a family residence permit are:

Residence permit application form,

A signed or e-signed document that can be used instead of a passport or an equivalent document,

Biometric photo | 4 units,

Additional documents, if deemed necessary according to the situation,

The documents in the form and to be prepared by the sponsor are:

A signed or e-signed document that can replace a passport or an equivalent document,

Original and photocopy of identity card,

Statement of sufficient financial means during the leave,

Health insurance for each of the applicant family members,

A copy of the residence permit or an equivalent document together with the original,

Criminal record,

The document indicating that it is included in the address registry book obtained from the population directorates,

It is in the form. Apart from the documents stated, if the sponsor’s spouse wishes to obtain a residence permit, then the marriage certificate or an equivalent document must be attached to the required documents. If a residence permit is to be obtained for the sponsor’s child who has not completed the age of eighteen, then a birth certificate is required. If the child’s parents are divorced, the custody document of the child must be submitted along with the necessary documents.

The photograph, which is among the essential documents to be submitted when obtaining a residence permit, must comply with certain features and dimensions. The photograph to be used for a residence permit must be biometric and contested within the last six months. It is not possible to accept photos that are reproduced using a computer and photocopy and that are not biometric. The biometric photo is checked and evaluated by the system and will be rejected if it does not meet the following criteria:

The person’s face and hairstyle should be centered on the photo.

The fully visible face should correspond to 70% to 80% of the photo.

The photo should be free of blemishes and warping and should be in neutral colors.

The photograph should reflect the natural color of the person’s face.

Eyes should be open and clear, hair should not cover the face.

The photo should be taken while looking straight at the camera, and there should be no tilt or angle.

The photograph must be taken with the mouth closed and both sides of the face visible.

Photo background should be without patterns and shadows. If the hair is dark, white should be used, and if it is light, medium gray should be used.

There should be no red-eye in the photo and the angle of light should reflect equally on both parts of the face. There should be no shadows and reflections.

The eyes should be clearly visible in the photograph and if the person wears glasses, there should be no reflections on the glass.

Photographs should not be taken with tinted glasses and sunglasses.

No accessories other than the ones you must use, and items such as hats and caps should not be used.

In the photo, the hijab should be different from the background color and should not cover the face.

Photos of babies and children should not include a third person and should comply with the stated criteria.

Extension of Residence Permit

The residence permit is issued with the application for different periods depending on the type of residence permit, and upon the completion of the period, the residence permit also expires. Foreign nationals who have extended their residence permit can continue to reside in Turkey legally. Residence permit applications are made to the governorates. However, the residence permit extension must be completed with at least sixty days before the current residence permit expires.

Residence permit extension application is made by making an appointment if the foreigner updates his/her information. After the update made through the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management, the process is completed by accessing the “residence permit extension” tab from the e-residence address. If there is no change in the person that needs to be updated, a direct extension can be applied for. After the application is made, the application form must be printed and signed by the person. The signed form, together with the “documents required to extend the residence permit”, must be submitted to the Provincial Immigration Administration within five working days. So, what are the documents required to extend the residence permit?

permit application form,

Notarized signature of passport or equivalent document,

four photographs,

Statement of sufficient financial means during the permit period,

Health insurance,

However, in addition to these documents, the documents that must be submitted according to the type of permit are as follows:

If the extension application is for a short term, a signed or stamped document from the relevant institutions or organizations regarding the purpose of staying in Turkey together with the short term residence permit,

If the extension application is for a student residence permit, a signed, stamped or sealed document stating that you are an active student,

If the extension application is for family residence permit, the updated version of the documents submitted in the first application.

Conclusion

Residence permit is a legal obligation for foreigners to stay in Turkey for a period or indefinitely. In the Turkish legal system, six different residence permits have been issued according to the purpose of foreign nationals to come and stay in Turkey. The person can apply for that type of permit if he/she thinks it is more advantageous for him/her and has completed the legal requirements. Residence permit applications can be made by the foreigner himself or by lawyers who are experts in this field. All formalities and the legal process for the required residence permit are completed as soon as possible, provided that the action is taken under the supervision of a specialist lawyer.

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