Purchasing and Legal Procedures for Buying Property In Turkey

October 10, 2023

How Can Foreigners Buy Real Estate?
Foreigners who want to buy a house (house) or land in Turkey should pay attention to the real estate purchase procedures and conditions. Desiring to buy real estate without being bound by the regulated conditions and transactions may cause the foreigner to lose his rights.

Home purchase procedures of foreigners are carried out within the framework of the legislation currently in force in Turkey. Accordingly, for foreigners to buy a house, just like other citizens, it depends on the transfer of the title deed. This situation has the official form requirement as per the law. Accordingly, the real estate sales contract will become valid with the signing of the official deed and registration at the Land Registry Office. It is also possible to make a promise contract for the purchase of a house. However, as a difference, immovable promise contracts must be made in the presence of a notary public. Contracts made without complying with the official form requirements are null and void due to inconsistency with the form. Documents that must be submitted to the Land Registry Directorate when foreigners purchase real estate are listed under the title of “Required Documents for Foreigners to Buy Real Estate”. With the completion of these documents and the positive results of the necessary examinations, a foreign person can obtain a real estate title in Turkey as a result of the registration process.

Conditions for Foreigners to Acquire Real Estate
Buying a house in Turkey by foreigners is subject to certain conditions. It is possible to reach these conditions through the Land Registry Law. In order to obtain information about the conditions, it will be useful to consider the limits we have stated under the heading “Limits for Foreigners to Buy Real Estate”. In this section, we will talk about the conditions outside the borders.

It should be noted that the sales contract is made in the Land Registry Offices in accordance with the official form requirement. Official deed and registration are issued in this institution.
Required documents must be submitted completely and accurately. Missing or incorrect documents will prolong the process. We have mentioned below what these documents are.
Permission must be obtained from the military authorities in the region, valid in some districts, for the real estate to be purchased. So much so that if a real estate is located in a military forbidden zone or in an area of ​​strategic importance, the purchase of real estate may not be allowed.
Limits for Foreigners to Buy Real Estate
Buying a house in Turkey by foreigners has been subject to certain restrictions brought by law and injunctions. According to Article 35 of the Land Registry Law No. 2644, foreigners who want to buy a house in Turkey can acquire a house in Turkey within these limitations. The existence of these restrictions is important for the integrity of the country’s territory. If it is necessary to list the existing restrictions brought together with the legal and injunction decisions, it is possible to make the following order:

The foreigner who wants to buy real estate must be one of the citizens of the countries where it is allowed to buy real estate within the borders of the country. For example, citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic cannot buy real estate within the borders of our country today. Information about which country’s citizens can buy a house in Turkey can be obtained from the General Directorate of Land Registry or the Turkish Embassy and Consulate. For Syrian citizens, we are making transactions by establishing a company on behalf of the citizen and buying real estate on behalf of this company.
Within the borders of the country, a real foreign person can acquire real estate or limited real rights up to a maximum of 30 hectares. A foreigner who wants to buy 30 hectares or more of immovable will not be able to fulfill this request on the grounds of legal restrictions.
Another limitation of foreigners buying real estate is that the foreigner who wants to buy real estate can only buy real estate up to 10% of the area of ​​the district where the real estate is located. There will be no legal restrictions for the immovable pledges established for the trading company of foreigners.
It is not possible for foreign legal persons to purchase real estate in Turkey. However, since legal entities with foreign capital are established in Turkey, they can purchase real estate as long as they comply with the necessary restrictions and conditions.

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